Pediatric Ophthalmology & Squint

We provide treatment for an extensive range of pediatric eye problems such as sight-threatening conditions like pediatric glaucoma, cataract and congenital opacities of the cornea.We also have comprehensive services in:

  • The management of squint, double vision and other disorders of eye alignment and movement, both in children and adults
  • The management of amblyopia or lazy eyes
  • Refraction in young children using eyedrops (cycloplegic refraction) for those who have difficulty getting a good refraction.
  • General eye problems such as eye sore, allergic conjunctivitis and lumps on the eyelids (stye and chalazion).
  • Providing pediatric ophthalmology consultation to doctors in the pediatric departments.

Pediatric ophthalmology is a sub-speciality of ophthalmology concerned with eye diseases, visual development, and vision care in children. Pediatric ophthalmologists are specially trained to manage the following disorders:

  • Infections (Conjunctivitis).
  • Strabismus or Squint is a misalignment of the eyes
  • Amblyopia or Lazy eye occurs when the vision of one eye is significantly better than the other eye and the brain begins to rely on better eye and ignore the weaker one.
  • Blocked tear ducts.
  • Ptosis- Drooping or falling of upper eye lid
  • Retinopathy of prematurity often seen in premature babies
  • Nystagmus
  • Visual inattention
  • Pediatric cataracts
  • Pediatric glaucoma
  • Abnormal vision development
  • Genetic disorders often cause eye problems for affected children.
  • Congenital malformations affecting vision or the tear drainage duct system
  • Orbital tumours
  • Refractive errors such as myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness) and astigmatism can often be corrected with prescriptions for glasses or contacts.
  • Accommodative insufficiency
  • Convergence insufficiency and asthenopia
  • Evaluation of visual issues in education, including dyslexia and attention deficit disorder.

What is Squint?

Squint or strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes so that the eyes do not point in the same direction. Squint can itself lead to amblyopia or lazy eye. More importantly squint if present since childhood can itself lead to loss of three dimensional vision or depth perception (stereopsis). Many cases can be treated with glasses. Orthoptic exercises are useful in some cases. Prism trials can be used as a temporary or permanent measure. Squint can itself lead to cosmetic disfigurement, in addition in children there is a risk of amblyopia.

Under such circumstances, it is important that one corrects the squint early. In addition there is a beneficial effect of correction of squint even in older adults as there is improvement in binocular vision. The simplicity and ease of surgery means some patients start work the next day after surgery. The results are very good with a proper clinical assessment and surgery.